The “Kingdom of the Sun”, encapsulates the essence of America, the “New World”, in geography as well as in the mix of native Indian and European cultures. A country of antique cultures, where the traditional way of life of the Indians has still got validity; great scenic contrasts, perhaps the greatest treasure of the Americas. The Spanish conquistadors came in ruthless search of gold, although they never found their most elusive prize of all, the “Lost City of the Inca’s”. Besides the impressive Inca ruins close to Cuzco and the “lost city” Machu Picchu, Peru is also one of the most spectacular countries on earth. Of 103 possible ecological zones on earth, 83 are represented only in Peru.