The Republic of Mozambique is a country in southeastern Africa, bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest. The area was explored by Vasco da Gama in 1498 and colonized by Portugal in 1505. Mozambique became independent in 1975.

Mozambique has a tropical climate with two seasons, a wet season from October to March and a dry season from April to September. The country’s economy is based largely on agriculture, which employs roughly 80% of the population. Portuguese is the official and most widely spoken language of the nation.