The Republic of Malawi lies in southeast Africa, bordered by Zambia to the northwest, Tanzania to the northeast, and Mozambique on the east, south and west. The country is separated from Tanzania and Mozambique by Lake Malawi. It is 45,560 square miles in size with an estimated population of approximately 14M. Its capital is Lilongwe, the second largest city is Blantyre and the third largest city is Mzuzu.
Malawi remained under native rule until 1891 when it was colonized by the British, who ruled the country until 1964. There is a diverse population of native peoples, Asians and Europeans, with several languages spoken and an array of religious beliefs. Although there was tribal conflict in the past, by 2008 it had diminished considerably and the concept of a Malawian nationality had begun to form. Malawi has a culture combining native and colonial aspects, including sports, art, dance and music.